Prognosis for electrifying trucks: demand for new charging infrastructure

electric truck fleet requires new charging infras

Growing number of electric trucks demanding new charging infrastructure

Strong growth is expected in the number of electric truck and international logistics from 2025 according to the Knowledge and Innovation center of the Dutch ElaadNL. Due to the fact that these electric trucks will require high power charging solutions, a new charging network has to be built along international European transport corridors. The realisation of this goal requires the cooperation of National Agenda for Charging Infrastructure (NAL), governments, network operators and the logistics sector.

To conduct the analysis the experts examined the status of trucks for national and international heavy transport, building different scenario’s around questions such as how many diesel trucks will convert to electric and where will these charge carefully mapping the impact for network operators, governments and the logistics sector.

3 different scenario’s were examined (low, medium and high) and included in the document of Elaad Outlook, which you can download here. The analysis clearly shows that realisation of charging infrastructure along European transport corridors will be essential to provide the necessary loading possibilities for these electric trucks.

According to Rutger de Croon of ElaadNL the challenge is huge as there is currently no charging network for truck and these vehicles will need to be able to charge at the right locations without delay in order to be able to guarantee the smooth progress of transportation. The charging network will need to be able to provide the high capacity necessary to charge these electric truck and this will pose new challenges for the power grid.

The transporters who are currently involved in the first steps of building this charging network expressed their concern about the available grid capacity. As the electrification of heavy vehicles will progress many companies will request heavier grid connections, and realisation of that will be needed within a relatively short time.

E-truck will be cheaper than diesel truck

According to the study almost all interviewees agreed that sometime between 2020 and 2030 the idea of electrifying the carrier’s transport fleet will become overall more interesting than continuing the investment in diesel truck. TCO (Total Cost of Ownership) is the most important factor when it comes to making the decision to carry on with an electric fleet.

The 3 different scenario’s

High: Tesla and Nikola are shaking up the EV market and the other manufacturers are quickly following their example. Older trucks are depreciated at an accelerated rate due to the attractive operational costs of electric trucks. In this scenario, a basic network of public fast chargers will also be installed in time, enabling trucks to be deployed increasingly throughout the Netherlands and across the border.

Medium: Electric trucks are quickly gaining popularity due to lower operating costs and demand is growing faster than many manufacturers and suppliers have estimated. As a result, production lags behind demand for years to come. A basic network of public fast chargers is slowing down.

Low: Manufacturers will mainly focus on urban logistics until 2030. The range of electric tractors for trailers is limited to small series. Electric trucks will also only be used in the region until 2030, because a public fast charging network will only grow after 2030.


Truck electrifying analysis

Visualisation of the 3 different scenario's Source:

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