What does winter do to the battery of your electric car?

Help! My car battery runs out very quickly.

Not only 1 in 3 Dutch people experience a dip during the winter. Also your electric car has a hard time in the coldest months of the year. Now your EV does not have to go to the therapist, but good maintenance is very important during this period. Low temperatures have a negative effect on the battery and the range of action electric vehicles. How is this exactly? We researched it for you!

What effect does winter have on the energy consumption of an EV?
In the winter months, electric vehicles consume more energy than in the summer. This This has to do, among other things, with the air resistance, which is higher during this period. Lower temperatures make the air heavier. As a result, a car is much more energy consumed. You will notice this quite quickly while driving. An electric car comes through the higher energy consumption in winter is less than in summer. Easy said: the heating (after all, you don't want cold feet while driving!) costs a lot energy and as a result the vehicle can cover fewer kilometres.

Why does the battery of the electric car work less well?
Not only the higher air resistance has a negative effect on the functioning of a electric car in winter. The battery also works less well. It contains a so-called lithium-ion battery that functions best between 15 and 35 degrees Celsius. Dives the temperature below 15 degrees, then the lithium ions slow down? The consequence? They deliver much less power.

Effect on the energy recovery system
Another effect of the cold is that the so-called 'energy recovery system' automatically switches off reduces. At temperatures above 15 degrees you can charge your car by brakes. This is an effective way to save battery life. Good for the environment and you wallet. In winter, however, the energy recovery system works less well you also save less on the battery.

Why is there less range?
The further the mercury drops, the less 'range of action' there is. This refers to the distance covered by a car can travel without needing to be recharged. In fact, the range of a electric vehicle is 20 to 30 percent lower than in the warm months. While you are in the you can easily drive up to 400 kilometers in summer, it is already close at cold temperatures approximately 280 kilometers of time to charge.

Tips to get your electric car through the winter
Are the temperatures outside very low? We recommend charging the battery for at least an hour reload before driving. You heat up by using the charging system the interior space. And preferably use heated seats instead of indoor heating. Always leave a house or building with a full battery. A load level of at least 20 percent is strongly recommended. This percentage is the minimum required to charge the battery to warm up sufficiently when starting the EV. If you don't, this will have a negative effect consequences for the battery. This way it ages faster, so you don't use it as long can make.

Smart charging: a good solution
How many distances you can drive in winter depends on the brand of electric car. Of course it is not nice that you have to charge more often in the winter. Well, it is true that you more and more electric vehicles can turn on the heating and / or air conditioning during the load. This is a form of 'smart charging' (smart charging) and can be operated entirely via your smartphone. After charging you get in the car and you are immediately nice and warm!

Help, a frozen charging cable!
What should you do? Even when charging an electric car, severe cold sometimes causes problems. For example, what should you do if there is a frozen charging cable? It is natural not intended that this part is fixed. Fortunately, this problem is quite easy to fix prevent by spraying silicone spray on the ends. Preferably do this on the places where the cable touches the vehicle or the charging station. This increases the risk of freezing cables minimal!

Why an electric car is also the best choice in winter
It is a fact that electric vehicles sometimes experience problems in the winter months. The batteries work less well and the range is much lower. Still, electric driving still the best way to hit the road. It has 30 to 55 percent less CO2 emissions than a fuel or diesel car, which also has more energy in winter consume. An electric car is also safer, less noisy and has less maintenance required. Be aware of the effect of winter on your battery electric car. Use the tips from this article to anticipate this. Then you can also enter the cold months of the year on the road with peace of mind!